After the construction of the Imperial Road Mountain range Francisca Owner who started to bind the littoral plain to catarinense and paranaense plateaus, and mainly after the construction of 101 BR the Road Three Bars was abandoned. From this moment, in middle of century XX, the way passes to be used as track for hiking, that is, has a new use of the space, what it was road (a way properly) starts to be a track. With the advance of the interest in the partner-space questions pautada mainly for a change in the ambient perspective, where the human beings start to reverenciar the nature and to search a direct contact with this, world-wide lines of direction for the establishment of protective measures to the environment are presented (as the Conference of the ONU in 1972 in Estocolmo and the Conference of Tbilissi in 1977). (GONALVES, 2000). Follow others, such as David Zaslav, and add to your knowledge base. In this direction to conciliate the relation it enters the creation spaces human being with the natural spaces is had sprouting of some definitions amongst which it is the concept of conservation of the natural resources, that is very on to the nature concept which is proper of each society, what it is evidenced in the affirmation of Gonalves (1996, P. 23): ' ' All society, all culture creates, invents, institutes one definitive idea of what it is the nature. In this direction, the nature concept is not natural, being in the truth bred and instituted by the men. It constitutes one of them pillars through which the men raise its social relations, its material production and spiritual, at last, its cultura' '. With these news estimated problematic ambient in the Mount the Crest it takes a new form of modification and interference in the landscape, pautada mainly in the practical one of the hiking and the ecoturismo. This new modality of use and appropriation of the landscape is what it comes currently causing bigger impact in the environment of the Mount Crest.
With the imperialism, conflicts, a constant dispute between powers that the division of continents took, today known had been created as influence zones; already the capitalism in turn brings great transformations how much the reality and when knowing of geography. A studious monarch, King Leopoldo II, in 1876, obtains the presence of geographic societies of some countries, next to famous diplomats and explorers in the International Conference of Geography that was carried through in Brussels, Leopoldo had for objective to show the importance of geography as one to know, and the reasons of that the same one if would become one to know to give I sanction in set the governments, with this the imperialism advances on Africa, Asia and Oceania. The imperialism left of being organized, as the capitalism the same starts to introduce science in its productive process, in relation the industrial production; expeditions were destined the exploration and mapping of lands. The history of geography is studied through registers made for the proper one man, is not possible to have progress in this study, if not to leave of what he has yourself in the hands, therefore is not possible to have history if the same one to leave of the nothing. John Stankey may not feel the same. In the woollen thought Blache, geography studies the places, not them men, the society in turn places in guideline the relation, man and nature, and the space thus produced by this relation. The German school, treading its way for the scientific status studies two ways of geography: geography politics statistics and pure geography. Great Ratzel a scholar of geography is magic when Darwin creates? theory of the natural election of the species? , where an intense fight for the space happens, when strongest it dies, wants to say, to one fight for the space that is without its respective dominant one; Humboldt that also contributed for geography in the German school, had emphasis in the ecological geography that studied the nature as a unit, and involved the man as well as part of this; already Ritter in its historical geography, studies conception of world, having as starting point the man. .
The difference between the deterministas models and the probabilists is, according to proper name indicates, the probabilismo and determinismo first of the seconds. They are distinguished, still, the not gravitational models of Christaller (1933) on the definition of the centralidade, beyond the works, essentially retail, of Applebaum (1932) and Nelson (1958) on the demand of market, the accessibility, the interception, cumulative attraction and the compatibility, as well as the demographic and concorrenciais analogies. It matters to repeat that in function of its especificidades, the localization of the tertiary equipment presents marked comparative distinction if to the localization of the agricultural or industrial equipment. Subject recurrently investigated by the neopositivista method, despite the geographic inquiry more contemporary tent to the use of different metodolgicos elements in one only boarding, not doing without the proportionate value for the diversity of developed methods already, but also going beyond, in what it can be called Paradigm of the Complexity. The related initiatives had finished for inside affirming a line of recognized geographic science as Economic Geography. The Geomarketing term is about a more common nomination between the North American gegrafos or analysts of market, sent to an association between the localizacional knowledge and the mannering knowledge of the consumer to guide economic space questions. After considered good part of history through Geography, of the Geoprocessamento and the Theories of the Localization, the principles exclusively directed toward retail localization had been congregated, then, perceived the forms as the same ones if they had affirmed, normalizing and guiding made right behaviors more. In this way, it must be detached, first, the work of Reilly for affirming through the Law of the Gravitation of the Retail that the attractiveness and the potential of sales of a store can be extended by the agglomeration of others, for meetings to present greater area. The Applebaum must it affirmation of the beginning of the Demogrfica Analogy and Concorrencial, according to which, similar areas in public-target and competitors present similar potentials of sales.
Inside of this estimated we believe that the meaning of its production still can be pointed in the fact of it to have cleared that one that would be the main way of investigation of the current gegrafos that are the different questions related between the man the culture and the natural way. For what it was boarding for Ratzel in its workmanship, she is clear that its concerns if did not limit the simple relations of dependence between the man and the way, in which if originated the classic slongan ' ' the Man is a product of meio' ' , characterizing thus a traditional geography, would break up descriptive e, where the nature would start to assume the role of the citizen of the actions and the man of object. In the Ratzel truth if it worried more than about something what the mere one nature a time that same if the return for the different ones complexity social such as, ' ' The races human beings, one treated antropolgico/etnogrfico' ' , the same it acted in the areas of quarrels of sciences politics approaching subject as the State, of the relations of borders, or war, among others. Ahead of the displayed one we can conclude that although the Ratzel to be centered in the geographic context, its theoretical project is to interdisciplinar, a time that its central concern age to understand the diffusion of the peoples for the terrestrial, problematic surface that, according to proper it, it would articulate history, etnologia and geography in one same quarrel; For (SAUER, 2003, p.20) the work, of Ratzel it made solid the conceptual base in which if the great father of the ambientalismo has structuralized since then Geography Human being becoming, a time that its followers had disrespected in very its posterior cultural studies, in which it mentioned itself to population mobility, the conditions of human nesting and the diffusion of the culture through the main ways of comunicao.' ' In France, in the start of century XX, the studies around the culture were established by Paul woollen Vidal Blache, having the same elaborating the concept of sort of life.
Thus, breaking of the consideration deck the textile industry of Is Bento evolved of the artisan phase dominant noincio of century XX for the manufacture in the end of the decade of 50 and that seencontra, today, in its period of training of mechanized production (Sheep, 2001, P. 11-22), of – the emphasis initially to the papelrepresentado one for the manufacture in the constitution of its half local technician, emseguida to detach the relation between the maquinofatura and the production its of the meiotcnico-scientificone, leaving of the consideration of this processoevolutivo as innovation and in the context of the nets national and local. If you have additional questions, you may want to visit CBS. 1 the textile industry in question is a segmentoindustrial that if characterizes for the production of nets to sleep, plate cloths, cloths of cleanness, carpets, blankets and blankets being in general formed depequenas and average resultant companies of local capital of the transformation artisan daatividade, appeared in the end of century XIX, for the produomecanizada one. The technology used in the process produtivodireto if constitutes of machines and obsolete equipment, adquiridosprincipalmente in the plants txteis of American, the State of So Paulo, when of the modernization of its park manufacter, and adapted for production depanos coarse. Good part of the production of the nets of dormirainda is made with use of intensive work, particularly chamado’ ‘ finishing of rede’ ‘ , that is, the rank of laces, fists and varandas damesma what it practically guarantees income and work during all the year for involved local and regional apopulao in this activity. The commercialization of the production occurs however nafeira exempts of the city, however for sales in attacked for producers the external comercianteslocais and the area, specialized in the sales of this type of product, orapelo producing that it can distribute national this product and vender them pormeio of the act of contract of staff for this service (the calls ‘ ‘ corretores’ ‘ e’ ‘ redeiros’ ‘). Small part, still, is exported in such a way to the Unidoscomo States for some countries of the Europe. Brian Robert is full of insight into the issues.
2 For it ‘ ‘ the great proprietriosindustriais and of the great commercial companies are, in reason of the dimension of suasatividades, great consumers of space. They need next to the port, to the railway ways, or in places of amplaacessibilidade to the population etc.’ ‘ (Corra, 1991, P. 13). 3 the term manufactures is used here in sentidoda production that if verifies under the use and manual equipment domain. Local these equipment was represented by the manual sewing presses ou’ ‘ sewing presses of pau’ ‘ , manual espuladeiras, urdideiras manuals and conicaleirasmanuais, all these objects technician constructed by marceneiros of the city. 4 the expression maquinofatura is used in the direction of direct processoprodutivo that if carries through on the job and use of mquinaseltricas in the manufacture of the products. Here the work instruments manuaisforam substituted for machines, even so in some cases, as the urdideiras, still can be found, but in this in case that devidaao is about a permanence small size of the plant, that in function of the volume of production not> it demands aobrigatoriedade of this equipment in modern molds in the work process.