Even when Arnau de Torroja was a civilian mine who lived in a very distant century, still I guess some of the sensations that made vibrate his soul to very specific works of art pious. I refer not only to the apse of the Church of our city, but that, given the strategic military position of the castle of Cardona, about 30 km away from Solsona, surely he must have seen scenes of the vaults painted for the Church of Santa Maria de Cardona, who are today exposed at the Museu d Romanic Barcelona Art (MNAC), which dates back to the year 1040. Placing under them, today anyone can connect with admiration that should have felt the pious young man, since frescoes in Romanesque architecture of the Temple of Santa Maria de Solsona there is no trace. These constructions Romance are still visible in the Cathedral of la Seu d’Urgell, and for non-Catalan has them serve the Church of Santa Juliana in the Collegiate Church of Santillana del Mar, both from the 12th century. CONTEXT SOCIO – POLITICIAN during the youth of ARNAU DE TORROJA warn Arnau de Torroja was born when the count of Barcelona, Ramon Berenguer III, sought political alliances between the Catalan nobles who would make it possible with the time, which all together were able to wage war against the Muslims in major cities. The taifas had in them their strategic communications points, and were the most important capitals within the so-called new Catalonia. Within a decade the entire field of Tarragona grew from no man’s land to fields cultivated by conflictivo Christians sent there by the catalan sovereign decided to overcome the companies of their ancestors in the unification of the country by force of arms and with the help of his Christian faith. Still, were a few years when it was still unthinkable that Tortosa was the origin of a discord between Catalonia and Aragon, as then happened.
These needs are critical, because every human being who joins a group any manner, experience them even though they are in different grades () those needs without interpersonal, in the precise sense of only the group can be adequately met. In this sense Schutz was able to identify three basic Interpersonales needs: the need for inclusion, the need for control and the need for affection that are explained below. 2.2 Types of interpersonal 2.2.1.-need Inclusion requirements. The need for inclusion is defined as the need for experience and feels all new Member of a group’s perceived and feel accepted, integrated, valued in its entirety for those who join. According to the extent of social maturity of each person and their level of socialization, their need for inclusion will influence and determine attitudes in groups more or less adult, more or less developed. Leslie Moonves recognizes the significance of this. In this sense less socialized individuals handled is the Group adopting attitudes of dependence and which have not passed the phase of rebellion, typical of adolescence, are imposed in the group with contradependientes attitudes. They are more socialized individuals, who are in their interpersonal relationships, a satisfaction appropriate to your need for inclusion by adopting attitudes of independence in the group. 2.2.2.
The need to control. Consists in that each Member is defined likewise its own responsibilities in the group, as well as also those of each of those that forms group. Each Member of the group experience the responsibility of what constitutes the Group: their structures, their needs, their growth, their exceedances. 2.2.3. The need for affection. This need is basic in all group dynamic. It is the desire of all individuals belonging to a group, feel how irreplaceable in the group. Everyone who joins a group aims not only to be respected by your competition or your resources, but to be accepted as a human person; not only for what you have, but also for what it is.
But when this feeling manages to expire, giving rise to greater optimism and more favorable perspective about the future in the investing mind, by more prevailing negativismo in the economic data, these will not manage to infect to the market. And that one exactly that one is the moment that the investing world is hoping. It will be necessary to be kind not to the economic news, but to how it receives them to the market. The corporative gains of the S& P 500 can get to fall a 35% in the first trimester and a 15% in all the 2009, according to estimations of analysts gathered by Bloomberg. The graphs of the indices of the United States point all towards a bearish acceleration for the next weeks, and as we indicated, fundamentals of enthusiastic market is not nothing. Who it tries to buy in these instances of market, it will have to know in clearly that this one is not forming any bullish figure at the moment – del point of view of the technical analysis for absolutely any term at the moment, but that one that looks for the long term will have of knowing how to still hold the shower that none comes and to disarm bought positions, knowing that it will be put uglier before better. Many initiates in markets usually ask to me what to do when in the middle of a low one as the present one has been bought and they are hopeless with each new loss for a 24-hour period.
First that I ask he is: ” Which was the term for which you defined your investment? “. If they answer the short one, I advise to them that for the next one they consider a limit of losses they respect and them, and if it is the length, since they respect term that ruled before realising the investment and they are inverted! Many investors usually watch the fluctuations of the day to day and see their portfolios lose value precipitadamente. If I raise of the operating one had been to maintain long term, because he is not advisable to watch the intranewspaper because the errors because of the panic can be distinctive in any portfolio. ” There” s to Time to go long, Time to go short and to Time to go fishing” (It has a little while to buy, a little while to sell and a little while to go away to fish), it said Jesse Livermore, one of great traders of world-wide history if I were not vegetarian, would go to look for the cane to me.
This prevents that you become such volatile plans, with overtones of panacea that sometimes enthusiastic organizations. Everyone involved, and the entire organization, should be aware that requires a major effort and perseverance, to achieve the change that is fundamental to the success of the company. On the other hand must be a real and tangible commitment to the Organization, that is, by providing the necessary resources for the achievement of the implementation of appropriate procedures. These resources are required for teaching and training of personnel, materials of reference, instrumentation, software, modifications of equipment and installations and support teams. To achieve this financial commitment to the Organization, should make the respective evaluation of cost benefit program and use the corresponding techniques for evaluation of projects to demonstrate their economic suitability to the organization. a) definition of the appropriate procedure: prior to any new deployment, it is necessary to an analysis of the situation or current condition. It is important to have a diagnosis of the current state of things, as an initial step to define the course of action to follow.
The analysis of the current condition or audit Tribology, it is suitable that is made by an external specialist, consultant specializing in Tribology. This work has traditionally been trusted suppliers of lubricants, but work comprising this audit is normally beyond the scope and expertise of the technical personnel of these enterprises; and sometimes the conclusions of this represent a conflict with the suppliers of oils. There are a number of other advantages in using an independent specialist to perform this lubrication diagnostic and monitoring of oils. The goals and objectives of a good Tribology audit are as follows: Identifying current procedures and defining appropriate procedures. Identify improvements and cost reduction opportunities relating to administration, storage, handling and disposal of lubricants. Identify actual needs of monitoring of oils, defining points of testing, frequency and methods of sampling, analysis of oils In Situ cleaning specifications or purity purpose oils, specifications of pollution componentes-actuadores and machine tolerances, needs of equipment purification and its specifications, levels of alarm and data collection Tribology, etc.